South Eastern Virginia Therapy Dogs

Love on a Leash



Therapy Faqs



1. What is pet therapy?

It's easiest to say what it is not. Pet therapy dogs are NOT animal assistance dogs that help individuals with physical disabilities. Pet therapy dogs visit health care facilities, schools, and residential institutions to provide emotional support to children and adults. These dogs are there to be stroked, held, and sometimes just watched.

2. Why is pet therapy so beneficial?

Many residents in health care facilities and institutions have fragile minds and bodies. They may live at the facilities for months to years at a time, with limited contact with every day life. By petting and holding a dog, a youngster or adult can connect with a life that makes no demands. A youngster can still just be a kid when a dog is around. The touch of a furry flank usually draws a smile, and a lick is the springboard for many a giggle. The dogs provide a "non-judgmental" connection to people who have a fragile physical/mental connection to daily life.

3. What's the big deal about "certifying" my dog to do pet therapy?

Most health care and rehabilitation facilities welcome pet therapy dogs because they know these animals enhance the well-being of their residents, and encourage them to continue with their therapy. These institutions know that a pet therapy certification is an assurance that the dog was tested in an accredited manner and found to be positive around people, mannerly in public situations, in good health and current with shots, and obedient to basic commands. Most important -- it shows that the dog is not aggressive.

Pet therapy certification gives you additional peace of mind (never a guarantee) that your dog was successfully tested to be non-aggressive and not skittish, mannerly in mock social situations, and obedient to your basic commands. Most of the certify bodies also provide an umbrella of insurance for accredited members should there be an incident during a pet therapy visit.

4. How are dogs "certified" to do pet therapy?

There are several national certifying bodies with standard tests to ensure that dogs can handle mock public situations in a positive and acceptable manner. This certification is performed by evaluators who have extensive experience in pet therapy, dog training, and working with dogs in public situations.

Most pet therapy certify groups, such as Therapy Dogs International and Therapy Dogs Incorporated, have accredited testers evaluate dogs in a series of 14 - 22 tests to determine their behavior and attitude in mock public and institutional situations. These situations include: walking through a crowd, meeting/greeting a friendly stranger, and response to medical equipment.

In addition, dogs are tested on basic commands such as come, sit, down, and stay, and walking nicely on a leash. The evaluator is reviewing the dogs to ensure that their behavior is mannerly, their responses to commands are correct, and they are calm throughout the testing. Many a dog fails the testing because while he knows the commands correctly and walks well on a leash, he backs away when a friendly stranger reaches to pet him or acts aggressively or shyly when someone in a wheelchair comes close.

A key element of testing is to weed out dogs that are fearful or aggressive, both of which can mean a biting dog.

5. What dogs are eligible?

While individual certifying bodies have minor variations in requirements, most open their programs to purebred and mixed breed dogs that are at least one year old, male or female, spayed/neutered or not. Females in heat are asked not to make visits during the heat cycle.

6. How do I know if my dog can do this volunteer service?

If your dogs likes people, likes to visit new places, and is eager to get out and about, you have the right raw ingredients. Training and experience in public places builds the framework from which a dog/handler can pass pet therapy testing.

7. How do I get started in preparing for pet therapy?

Most of the handlers and dogs who successfully complete the tests have gone through two or more basic dog obedience classes. Dog obedience classes are NOT required, but they bolster your chance of success. There are no "pet therapy classes," per se, but you can ask an instructor if he or she is familiar with pet therapy and if the current class program supports this preparation.

The following centers or facilities are just a few with classes that will complement your goal to do pet therapy:

Bedlamb Bestiary - (898-6892) York County

Canine Training Unlimited - (436-3973) Chesapeake

Coastal Dog Services - (930-2257) Newport News

Pawsitive Attitudes, LLC - (Patty Allen 757-646-1037 / Gail Hicks 757-639-7860) Carrollton

Merrimac Dog Training Center - (723-8141) Hampton

Pet Paradise – (238-8838) Carrollton

Pet therapy testing is held periodically on both the Peninsula and the Southside. Check the TDI website ( for test times

8. What pet therapy opportunities are available on the Peninsula and around Hampton Roads?

There are several organized pet therapy groups from Williamsburg to the Southside. These groups have regularly scheduled pet therapy visits on weekdays and weekends at a host of nursing homes and larger institutions. You do NOT have to join an organized group; however, it is encouraged so that you see experienced dog and handler teams work.







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